From around A.D. 1000 to 1500 a red-slipped pottery was manufactured in east-central Arizona and western New Mexico. Painted with black or black-and-white decoration, on the red slip, this pottery has been organized in a taxonomic unit named White Mountain Redware (1937 by Colton and Hargrave).  White Mountain Redware tradition is a division of the Cibola painted pottery tradition and is composed of vessels with red slip. If the vessel was left unslipped, it is classified as Cibola White Ware.

Archaeological data, both chronological and distributional, indicates that there are diferent regions in which these wares are found:

1) Cibola - This area is partly Mogollon and partly Anasazi in its early history, but at the time of the appearance of White Mountain Redware it is typically Anasazi.

2) Mogollon Rim - The early history of this area, up to Pueblo III, is largely Mogollon and only later Anasazi.

3) Puerco Valley

Of interest is the regional variants that can be found in the Rio Grande Valley.  It was suggested by Mera (1935) that the Rio Grande Glaze I pottery types developed out of late St. Johns Polychrome. Glaze I Red, stylistically belongs to the same horizon as Pinedale Polychrome, Pinedale Black-on-Red, and Heshota Polychrome. Although St. Johns Black-on-Red and St. Johns Polychrome belongs primarily to the Cibola Region, it is from them that the later types probably evolved.  Point of Pines Polychrome could also be listed as a regional variant as it was produced only at Point of Pines Pueblo, a village that previously produced very little painted redware (Carlson, 1970;3).

The Puerco Valley Redware series pottery is also a product of "cultural blending".  The population in the area grew in the Pueblo II period of the region around A.D. 1030 to 1125, ceramic styles are like those of the Cibola Tradition from the East.  At the Canyon Butte Sites the culture has been described variously as Mogollon, Anasazi, or "mixed" (Hays-Gilpin & van Hartesveldt, 1998; 43). The Puerco Valley literally sits on the edges of several archaologically defined "cultural areas".   Neighbors to the region are Tusayan (to the north), Cibola (to the east), and Little Colorado (to the west). Also, early Basketmaker period sites and onward show brown and red pottery made with techniques like those of the Mogollon to the south. The study done in 1995 on the Chambers-Sanders Trust Lands refers to locally produced whitewares by variety (e.g. Gallup Black-on-White, Puerco Valley Variety).







This page last revised: 09/02/2009

Copyright: 2009 All Rights Reserved.

We welcome your linking to our site, however all documents, webpages, photographs and images are the property of Permission is required to copy, download or use any text, photographs or image files



































































































































































































































































































































Your Name

Your Location

Your Website!