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The Mogollon (pronounced Mug-ee-on) started producing ceramics as early as 200 A.D. The earliest examples were brown plainwares, Alma Plain, and polished redwares called San Francisco Red.  A bichrome started to appear approximately 100 years later, called Mogollon Red-on-Brown.  By 750 A.D. a white slipped pottery was developed, named Three Circle Red-on-White, which remained popular until around 900 A.D.

Around 900 A.D., the production of black-on-white slipped pottery by the Mogollon potters suggests influence from their northern neighbors, the Anasazi. This new pottery, popularly known as Mimbres Black-on-White is produced until around 1200 A.D.

Early Mogollon lived in crudely made pithouses in small villages at the top of mesas and mountain ridges, however, by 600 A.D. the pithouses started showing careful well-thought construction. Villages were moved to valleys close to their agriculture production fields. It is during this time, 600 to 900 A.D., that the Anasazi influences begin to show in the Mogollon architecture and pottery.  Around 900 A.d., the Mogollon started building their first stone masonry pueblos and village sizes expanded.

In the White Mountains of Arizona, the Mogollon and Anasazi cultures show a possible co-habitation with evidence of a blending of cultures. The Anasazi/Mogollon begin producing redware polychrome pottery around 1200 to 1375 A.D.