The Anasazi           The Casas Grandes        The Hohokam     The Mogollon             The Sinagua             The Salado

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The "Salado" were named after the Spanish name Rio Salado or Salt River. The Salado lived in present day Arizona, along the Salt River extending into a wide valley known as the Tonto Basin, along the desert mountains near Globe and Miami and along the central-east border of New Mexico, during 1150 to 1450 A.D.

The Salado's architecture and pottery were products of the influences of their neighbors, the Anasazi to the North, the Mogollon to the East, the Casas Grandes to the South, and the Hohokam to the West.  Who the Salado were and where they came from still remains a puzzle. Some archaeologists believe that the Salado are a blend of two or more of the neighboring cultures. Others believe that they were decendants from the Casas Grandes in Mexico. Another theory believes the Salado to be "regional variants of the Hohokam", while still others believe that these people became so mixed that they refuse to label the people of the area as a seperate culture. For those that are believers, Salado traits can be identified over a huge area. The archaeologist, Harold Gladwin, in 1930 was the first to use the word "Salado" in print to identify this culture.

Please take a moment to VISIT THE RUINS!

The Salado are well known for there multi-storied adobe structures and polychrome pottery.  Three varieties of polychrome pottery is a characteristic of this culture: Pinto Polychrome, Gila Polychrome, & Tonto Polychrome.  However, Salado pottery can be divided into 32 known types and variants.