MESA VERDE WHITEWARE
TYPE: Chapin Black-on-White
DATE: A.D. 575 to 900 (Oppelt, 2008;7)
BOWL DESIGN PLACEMENT: Primary interior designs, occasionally secondary exterior designs.
COMMON DESIGNS: Designs are the same as La Plata Black-on-White in the Cibola Whiteware Section of this guide.
SLIP OR SURFACE TREATMENT: Usually not slipped or tool polished, rather hand smoothed. Temper particles often protrude thru surface, creating a bumpy texture.
KEY DIFFERENCES: All Tusayan Whiteware types have a vegetal paint (vegetal paint often looks soft or watery so the edges are not as sharp as mineral paint) and are supposed to have light paste. All Little Colorado Whiteware types have vegetal paint and are supposed to have a dark paste. Mesa Verde Whiteware types may have mineral or vegetal paint. See article titled General Pottery Descriptions.
VARIETIES: Chapin Fugitive Polychrome: Some rare examples of Chapin Black-on-White have a fugitive red paint or "all-over wash" applied to the exteriors of bowls after they were fired. There are also mineral paint, organic paint, and rarely mineral-glaze painted varieties (Hayes and Lancaster, 1975;112)
OTHER COMMON TYPES WITH SIMILAR DESIGN STYLES:
Cibola Whiteware: La Plata Black-on-White
Tusayan Whiteware: Lino Black-on-Gray
COMMENTS: The black paint is usually mineral, but vegetal painted examples also occur. Chapin Black-on-White is actually an unslipped gray ware. It has been described by several archaeologists to be Chapin Gray with painted designs.
1Y Chapin Black-on-White Jar
Approximate Dimensions: 3 1/2" by 3 3/8"
2Y Chapin Black-on-White Olla (very large for this type).
Approximate Dimensions: 14" by 12"
This olla is extremely interesting in that the potter fashioned two types of "grips" on the same vessel. It had a "strap" handle on one side (of which about half is missing), and the other side has a "thumb" indention. Chapin Black-on-White is the earliest painted type in the Mesa Verde Whiteware series, the "grips" may have been experimental. Usually large ollas have "strap" handles (such as vessel #12Y in the Mancos Black-on-White section) or "thumb" indentions (such as vessel #13Y in the Cortez Black-on-White section of this series of types).
3Y Chapin Black-on-White bowl.
Approximate Dimensions: 6 3/4" by 3"
4N Chapin Black-on-White Human Effigy
Approximate Dimensions: 3 1/2" by 2" by 1 1/4"
This page last revised: 08/10/2011
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