HOHOKAM (PHOENIX AREA)
GILA RED OF THE CIVANO PHASE
COMMENTS: Personally, this author feels that the four types: Salt Red, Salt Red Smudged, Gila Red and Gila Red Smudged, should only be two types: Salt Red and Gila Red. Salt and Gila Reds (that are not smudged from the Salt and Gila River areas) may be rare in the Classic Period. When talking about Salt Red and Gila Red in the Classic Period, Haury stated: "Smudged vessels outnumber the unsmudged by a large ratio at all times". (Haury, 1945;81). One must also consider the possibility that a number of smudged vessels went thru an intentional or accidental secondary firing and became unsmudged. Truly intentional unsmudged Gila Red and Salt Red in the Classic Period from the Salt and Gila River areas may be rare indeed. Personally, this author feels that smudged and unsmudged Gila and Salt Reds should simply be varieties of the two types. It should be noted that at least two regional varieties (Salt Red Perry Mesa Variety and Verde Variety) are commonly not smudged (Wood, 1987;32).
This page last revised: 07/29/2011
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