TYPE: Papago Red-on-Brown

DATE: A.D. -1700 to 1955 (Fontana et al., 1962;103,109)

BOWL DESIGN PLACEMENT: Exteriors and/or Interiors

COMMON DESIGNS: Rectilinear and curvilinear designs are common through out. Designs are busy in Period 1 (A.D. -1700 to 1860) covering most of jar exteriors, jar lips are occasionally painted and interior jar rims rarely have simple lines or dots painted on them. Painted bowls occur in Period 1 but are rare in Period 2 (A.D. 1860 to 1930) Jars during Period 2 may have designs covering most of the exterior but much simpler designs occur often with only the necks and shoulders being painted, lips and jar rim interiors are commonly painted though. Finer line decoration becomes more common in Period 2. During Period 3 (A.D. 1930 to Present) Papago Red-on-Brown apparently stopped being made "no later than 1955", and is rare during this period (Fontana et al., 1962;109).


SLIP OR SURFACE TREATMENT: Not slipped, usually well polished.

TEMPER: All traditional made Papago pottery Period 1 (A.D. -1700 to 1860) temper can be sand (a light to dark gray carbon core may be present), sometimes highly micaceous, rarely fired out organic. During Period 2  (A.D. 1860 to 1930), temper is commonly fired out organic and will look dark to light black through out the paste. Mica and sand tempered vessels may occur as well and was common in the tourist pots. Period 3 (A.D. 1930 to Present), most traditional early examples were organic tempered, while tourist pots were usually tempered with fine sand or mica.

FORMS: The common forms for Papago Red-on-Brown are jars or ollas and bowls. Interestingly, eccentric vessels and effigies are very rare. Rim shapes are noteworthy as they can be straight, everted or have rim coils that are not smoothed out. The "coiled" rims are believed to date from A.D. -1700 to 1900.

THICKNESS: Thickness of the walls of vessels were generally thin  (about 1/8" to 3/16") in Period 1, thick (1/4" or more) in Period 2 (although many tourists pots made from 1880 and later were often thin), Period 3 vessels that were used by the natives were often thick while the tourist pots were usually thinner.


1Y Papago Red-on-Brown Olla with a "rim coil", A.D. -1700 to 1860

Approximate Dimensions: 12 1/2" by 12"



2Y Papago Red-on-Brown Olla with a "rim coil", A.D. -1700 to 1860

Approximate Dimensions: 11 3/4" by 11 3/4"


3N Papago Red-on-Brown Bowl Shard with a "coiled rim", A.D. -1700 to 1860

Rim is approximately 1 1/2" long.


4N Papago Red-on-Brown Variant Bowl Shard. The interior appears to be slipped red not unlike a variety of Sahuarita Polychrome in the Hohokam (Tucson area) section of this guide.

Approximately: 4 7/8" long.



5N Papago Red-on-Brown Bowl, A.D. 1860 to 1955

Approximate Dimensions: 7 " by 2 3/8"



6N Papago Red-on-Brown Olla with "Pitch Repairs" and a "coiled rim", A.D. -1700 to 1860

Approximate Dimensions: 15" by 13"



7N Papago Red-on-Brown Olla with "Pitch Repairs" and schist temper, A.D. -1700 to 1930

Approximate Dimensions: 15" by 12"



8N Papago Red-on-Brown Olla, A.D. 1860 to 1930

Approximate Dimensions: 17 3/4" by 14"




9N Papago Red-on-Brown Olla, A.D. 1900 to 1955

Approximate Dimensions: 14" by 12 3/8"



10N Papago Red-on-Brown Olla with "Pitch Repair to rim", A.D. 1900 to 1955

Approximate Dimensions: 9 1/2" by 8 1/4"



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