MESA VERDE WHITEWARE
TYPE: Piedra Black-on-White
DATE: A.D. 775 to 900 (Oppelt, 2008;33)
BOWL DESIGN PLACEMENT: Primary interior designs, occasionally secondary exterior designs.
SLIP OR SURFACE TREATMENT: May or may not be slipped, often tool polished.
KEY DIFFERENCES: All Tusayan Whiteware types have a vegetal/carbon paint (vegetal or carbon paint often looks soft or watery so the edges are not as sharp as mineral paint) and are supposed to have light paste. All Little Colorado Whiteware types have vegetal paint and are supposed to have a dark paste. Mesa Verde Whiteware types may have mineral (90%) or vegetal (10%) paint. See article titled General Pottery Descriptions.
VARIETIES: Unslipped (usually gray). Slipped (white). Piedra Fugitive Polychrome: Some rare examples of Piedra Black-on-White have a fugitive red paint or wash applied to the exteriors of bowls after they were fired. There are also mineral paint and organic painted varieties.
OTHER COMMON TYPES WITH SIMILAR DESIGN STYLES:
Cibola Whiteware: White Mound Black-on-White, Kiatuthlanna Black-on-White
Tusayan Whiteware: Lino Black-on-Gray
COMMENTS: The black paint is usually mineral, however vegetal painted examples also occur. Approximately 90% of Piedra Black-on-White from Mesa Verde is unslipped Gray Ware, however approximately 10% of the later Piedra examples were white slipped (Oppelt 1991;60).
1N Anasazi early Piedra Black-on-White bowl.
2N Anasazi Piedra Black-on-White Bowl with Horned Toad Figure
Approximate Dimensions: 6" by 2 1/2"
3N Anasazi Piedra Black-on-White Human Effigy
Approximate Dimensions: 4 5/8" by 4 1/4" by 2 7/8"
4Y Anasazi Piedra Black-on-White Pitcher
Approximate Dimensions: 5 1/8" by 3 1/2"
5N Piedra Black-on-White bowl.
Approximate Dimensions: 7 1/2" by 4"
6Y Piedra Black-on-White bowl, unslipped variety.
Approximate Dimensions: 6 1/2" by 3 1/2"
7Y Piedra Black-on-White Canteen, slipped variety.
Approximate Dimensions: 4 1/2" by 4 1/4"
This page last revised: 07/27/2012
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