WHITE MOUND BLACK-ON-WHITE
TYPE: White Mound Black-on-White
DATE: A.D. 675 - 900 (Oppelt 2008;55)
COMMON FORMS: Bowls, seed jars.
BOWL DESIGN PLACEMENT: Primary interior designs, occasionally secondary exterior designs.
COMMON DESIGNS: Most designs are simple and have small solids. Slightly more complex or busier than La Plata, new design elements are wavy lines and ticked solids. Many designs run in a band along the inner rim of bowls, the solids (such as triangles) are often connected then outlined with several sets of thin lines. These thin lines are connected also and appear to be many connected sets of nested chevrons. Often there is a large blank space left in the bottom of bowls that form a large negative cross or plus shape. Other large unusual negative shapes occur also. The rims are usually painted. "Sawtooth" edged lines and "sawtooth" edged solid triangles occur, as well as double sawtooth edged lines known as "railroad track" or "barbed wire".
KEY DIFFERENCES: Thick or thin linework, early examples hand smoothed, late examples tool polished. Rough temper often protrudes thru surfaces on early examples. Designs usually run parallel along the inner rim. Designs usually have more and larger solids compared to La Plata Black-on-White. Designs usually cover more of the design field than La Plata designs. White Mound design styles overlap with the next later type, Kiatuthlanna. Although White Mound vessels usually were not slipped white, as many later types were, many were made with a clay that fired white or gray.
TEMPER: Usually large quartz grains, sand, sandstone.
VARIETIES: Occasionally vessels are found with fugitive red paint on the exteriors of the bowls. These may be considered polychrome, however they did not begin as polychromes when they were fired. Perhaps this variety should be called White Mound Fugitive Polychrome. There is also a rare corrugated variant.
OTHER COMMON TYPES WITH SIMILAR DESIGN STYLES:
Tusayan Whiteware: Lino Black-on-Gray (vegetal paint)
Mesa Verde Whiteware: Chapin Black-on-White, and Piedra Black-on-White (mostly mineral, some vegetal paint)
COMMENTS: Late White Mound styles are also found on Piedra Black-on-White. Piedra Black-on-White is the only type mentioned on this page that usually does not have rough temper protruding thru the surface.
1Y White Mound Black-on-White Seed Jar with loop-handle.
Approximate Dimensions: 5" by 4"
2N White Mound Black-on-White Bowl
3N White Mound Black-on-White Pitcher
Approximate Dimensions: 5 1/4" by 4 3/4"
4N White Mound Black-on-White Olla
5N Anasazi White Mound Miniature Canteen
Approximate Dimensions: 2 1/2" by 2 1/4"
6N White Mound Black-on-White Canteen.
7Y White Mound Black-on-White with "snake bodies" around the orifices.
Approximate Dimensions: 5" by 4" by 3 1/4"
8N White Mound Black-on-White Rim to a pitcher.
9N Anasazi/Mogollon White Mound Black-on-White Pitcher
With Fish or Water Bug Designs
Approximate Dimensions: 3 1/2 " by 2 3/4"
10Y White Mound Black-on-White Shallow Bowl, Indented Corrugated Variant
This interesting bowl has quartz temper protruding thru the surface and the exterior is indented corrugated.
Coils average less than 1cm.
Approximate Dimensions: 4 7/8" by 1 1/2"
11Y White Mound Black-on-White Pitcher (teapot shape).
Approximate Dimensions: 3 3/4" by 3 1/8"
12N White Mound Black-on-White Miniature Jar
Approximate Dimensions: 2 3/4" by 2 5/8"
13N White Mound Black-on-White Ladle with stylized Human
14Y White Mound Black-on-White Canteen
Approximate Dimensions: 8 1/8" by 6 1/2"
15Y White Mound Black-on-White Bowl
Approximate Dimensions: 8 3/8" by 3 7/8"
16N White Mound Black-on-White pitcher in the shape of a whiskey flask.
Approximate Dimensions: 3 7/8" by 3 1/4" by 2 1/2"
17Y White Mound Black-on-White Gourd Effigy.
Approximate Dimensions: 5 3/8" by 4"
This page last revised: 11/21/2012
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