These ceramics have been described as Santan Red-on-Buff by Patricia
L. Crown (Hammack and Sullivan, 1981;151-162). Haury previously described
these as Casa Grande Red-on-Buff (Haury, 1945;51-63). The most distinguishing
character of these ceramics is found in the jar forms. Most Sacaton jars
exhibit Gila Shoulders with recurved rims and virtually no necks. Casa
Grande jars, according to Haury, may have Gila, round, or classic shaped
shoulders (Haury;1945:Plates 6, 7, and 76). All three forms have straight
necks with a design usually painted on the necks, unlike most earlier
Sacaton jars that usually don’t have enough of a neck for a design.
The Casa Grande jars that have a Gila Shoulder with a straight neck
would seem to be the transitional form. However, it appears that this
form can be found in association with the others (round and classic
shaped shoulders) and were possibly made during the same time period.
Because all three jar forms seem to share common design elements and
layouts, “Santan Red-on-Buff” is considered Casa Grande Red-on-Buff in this guide.
Gila shouldered jars with straight necks likely date to the Soho Phase, about A.D. 1125 - 1300. Other jar forms may expand the full Classic Period, about A.D. 1125 - 1450.
There is a design element that Crown writes about that may be temporally
important. These are separate squiggle lines, also known as independent
wavy lines, located above and/or below the banded designs on “Santan”
Red-on-Buff vessels (Hammack and Sullivan,1981;155). On the Casa Grande
examples the squiggle line is separate or divorced from the framing
line(s) (see example numbers 2Y, 15Y, 19Y in the Casa
Grande Red-on-Buff section in this guide). On late Sacaton Red-on-Buff examples the
squiggle lines seem to be painted next to or much closer to the framing
lines (See examples in Haury,1965;Plate CXXXIX). I have seen this motif
on many Casa Grande vessels with "Gila" shoulders, and normal round shoulders,
but not on vessels with "classic" shoulders. These Early Casa Grande
vessels that have divorced squiggle lines may possibly
be temporally specific in the Soho Phase (approximately 1125-1300)
of the Classic Period. These divorced squiggle lines are not to be confused
with squiggle lines within the band designs (such as squiggle hatch
lines) found on early to late Casa Grande vessels (approx. 1125-1450
A.D.). (See vessel #1Y in the Casa Grande Red-on-Buff Section in this guide)
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