DATE: A.D. 750 - 850 (Wallace, 1995;465)
COMMON BACKGROUND COLORS: Buff slipped.
EXTERIOR TREATMENT: Hand smoothed. Approximately 85% of bowls
and jars lighly scored at Snaketown (Gladwin,1965;188).
Scoring haphazard – not precise as in earlier incised types.
May or may not be porous with variable amounts of observable mica.
COMMON FORMS AND DESIGN PLACEMENT: Primary designs are often painted on the
exteriors of bowls with slightly incurved rims, while the primary designs are often painted on the interiors of helmet
and flare-rim bowls, which often have secondary designs or many
trailing lines on the exteriors. Jars usually have designs that begin well below the
widest diameter and have normal round bottoms.
COMMON DESIGNS: Designs become much more extravagant in the Gila Butte
Phase than the previous Snaketown
Phase, many more life forms and design motifs are now being painted.
Positive life forms make their appearance as well as life forms often
with cross-hatched painted bodies. Multiple “trailing lines”
make their appearance on exteriors of bowls. Other bowl exteriors may
have concentric painted stars, or, a large negative star made with connected
hatched triangles pendant from the rim. Hatching still present but scrolls
not hatched as in Snaketown. Scrolls are painted in positive form and
then the “stepped greque” is usually hatch filled. Solid
motifs such as keys and scrolls make their appearance and are common in this phase. "Fringe" or "ticking" becomes common in this phase.
COMMON DESIGN LAYOUTS: The “banded fringe” design makes
its first appearance in this phase, it is much more common in the next
phase. The offset quarter design on bowl interiors makes it’s
first appearance at this time (Quarter design layouts date back to the
oldest painted pottery of the Estrella
KEY DIFFERENCE(S): The paste in Gila Butte begins to show pores, while
earlier types and generally all Tucson Basin types have generally solid
paste. Later Phoenix Basin decorated types generally are even more porous.Often
vessels have light scoring on the outside. Jar designs begin below the
shoulder or widest diameter. The beginning of scrolls or the “stepped
greque” can be hatched or solid.
Hohokam Gila Butte Red-on-Buff
can see the diagnostic light scoring on the exterior of this seed jar.
conditions or subsequential burning made most of the red paint appear
dimensions: 6 1/4" (16cm) by 4" (10cm)
2N Hohokam Gila Butte Red-on-Buff Shallow Bowl
Approximate Dimensions: 6 1/2" by 1 7/8"
3N Hohokam Late Gila Butte Red-on-Buff Jar
Approximate Dimensions: 4 1/4 " by 3 1/2"
4Y Hohokam Late Gila Butte Red-on-Buff Bowl
Approximate Dimensions: 4 3/4 " by 2 3/4"
Hohokam Gila Butte Red-on-Buff Bowl, decorated with interlocking
scrolls connected to long keys and wavy lines on the interior. The exterior
has ten equally spaced trailing lines.
Dimensions: 10 3/8" or 26.2cm by 3 3/4" or 9.5cm.
Hohokam Early Gila Butte Red-on-Buff Bowl
Approximate Dimensions: 8 1/4" by 2 1/4"
Hohokam Gila Butte Red-on-Buff Bowl with stylized flying bird design.
Approximate Dimensions: 13 1/8" by 4 4/8"
8N Hohokam Gila Butte Red-on-Buff Censer
Approximate Dimensions: 3 1/8" by 2 1/4"
9Y Hohokam Gila Butte Red-on-Buff Censer
Approximate Dimensions: 3 1/2" by 2 1/2"
This page last revised: 08/09/2012
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