AD 150 to 1450+ (Wallace 2003:22,169)
Article: Gila Plain and Gila
Red, Older Than We Think?
COMMON FORMS: Since Gila Plain was made from the Early Ceramic Period
through the Classic Period, it can be found in just about all common
Hohokam ceramic forms.
COMMON COLORS: Usually tan to brown, often reddish to orange or black, often with lots of mica showing
through. Interiors of bowls often can be smudged black.
MICACEOUS TEMPER: Often heavy. Can be large mica-schist flakes, or finely crushed mica flakes. In some areas (including the Tucson area) Gila Plain was often made with very little or a very small amount of mica.
COMMENTS: It would seem logical to name Gila Plainwares according to
the phase names to which they were found, however it often cannot be done
because it is practically impossible to date Gila Plain sherds to specific
phases. Forms often are not a reliable way to date Gila Plain, for example,
Gila Plain is rarely seen with a sharp Gila Shoulder as found on the
decorated jars of the Sedentary Period. Also, many Gila Plain jars found
in the Colonial Period have tall straight necks, a feature found on
Gila Plain jars of the Classic Period. Redware tall neck jars are also
found in the Pioneer Period, as well as the Classic Period. Jars with
round bottoms and short necks are also found in most phases. It is also
relatively rare in flare-rim bowl forms. The only way to accurately
date some of the Gila Plain to phases are by certain specific forms,
(such as the classic or gila shoulder) or if they were found in direct
association with other dateable (painted) ceramics.
PHOENIX BASIN GILA PLAIN
Gila Butte Phase
Santa Cruz Phase
TUCSON BASIN GILA PLAIN
Canada Del Oro Phase
Tanque Verde Phase
1Y Gila Plain Bowl (Smudged Variety) with large slate/schist temper particles.
Approximate Dimensions: 9 1/8" by 5 1/4"
2N Gila Plain Micaceous Bowl
Approximate Dimensions: 4 1/8" by 1 1/2"
3Y Gila Plain Scoop
Approximate Dimensions: 5 3/8" by 3 7/8" by 3 1/8"
This page last revised: 07/02/2011
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