TYPE: Tortolita Phase Gila Plain

DATE: A.D. 475 to 650 (Wallace 2003;22)

See General Description of Gila Plain

COMMON FORMS: Bowls and jars.

COMMON COLORS: Brown, can be tan to brown to orange to black.

MICACEOUS TEMPER: Very little, if any, often none.

EXTERIOR TREATMENT: Usually hand smoothed, not stone polished.

KEY DIFFRENCES: Tucson Basin Plainware usually has very little or no mica.  Gila Plain (also produced in the Tucson as well as Phoenix Basins) has visible mica-schist flakes on the surface.

COMMENTS: As discussed in the comments section under Gila Plain, forms are not always a reliable way to date plainware to phases.  The only way is by certain specific forms or treatments, or to find the plainware in direct association with other dateable ceramics.


1N Hohokam Gila Plain of the Tortolita Phase.

  This sherd probably dates in the later part of 475-650 A.D.

It is coiled, but not grooved or tooled.  It looks strikingly similar to the Vahki Phase stone bowl shown in the revised Snaketown book (Haury,1976;290;Fig 14.26). The temper is slightly micaceous and it also has large white rocks that are not quartz.

Length of sherd is approximately 1 1/4".




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