TYPE: Rillito Red-on-Brown

DATE: A.D. 850 - 950 (Wallace, 1995;465)

COMMON FORMS: Regular shaped, as well as, helmet bowls, jars with “normal” rounded bottoms, many with flare rims.


EXTERIOR TREATMENT: Tool polished (no scoring or incising)

DESIGN PLACEMENT: Interiors of bowls often with secondary designs (trailing lines) painted on exteriors. Exteriors of jars with the design beginning well below the jars maximum diameter.

COMMON DESIGNS: Repeated elements are often arranged in concentric bands to give a spiral or whirling effect. The offset quarter design begins at this time. The “fringe” design (bands of fringe and repeated elements) which began one phase earlier and lasted one phase later, was most common during this phase.  Rillito designs often employ only one or two motifs. Exterior "helmet" bowl designs usually have four to eight (sometimes more or less, sometimes paired or tripled) equally spaced trailing lines. Opposed keys are no longer used. The "key" motif became the "wavy edged solid", and "ticked solid" in this phase. Concentric, zig-zag straight connected to wavy lines appears in this phase.

KEY DIFFERENCE(S): Vessels no longer have any scoring, many bowls have painted “trailing lines”. The line work and art, was at its finest during this phase of Hohokam ceramic production. Rillito Red-on-Brown from the greater Tucson area is tool polished whereas Santa Cruz Red-on-Buff from the greater Phoenix area is hand smoothed.


1N Hohokam Rillito Red-on-Brown Double Lobe Olla,

with interlocking scrolls, fringe, and negative coiled rattlesnakes.

Approximate Dimensions: 7 1/4" or 18.5cm by 5 1/2" or 14cm. 



   2N Hohokam Rillito Red-on-Brown Olla with what appears to be a sun design when viewed from the bottom.  It also appears to have been painted beginning at the bottom, and finishing at the top.  The line work is finer and more closely spaced at the bottom compared to the top. The very top is missing, it was ground smooth in prehistoric times.

Approximate Dimensions: 8 3/4" or 22cm by 6" or 15cm.




3Y Rillito Red-on-Brown Bowl

Approximate Dimensions: 11 3/4" by 6"



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