TYPE: Rincon Red-on-Brown

DATE: A.D. 950 - 1125 (Wallace 2003;22)

COMMON FORMS: “Gila Shouldered” jars. Regular shaped bowls, shouldered bowls, as well as helmet bowls (early), censers, legged vessels as well as effigy vessels. Early Rincon jars are globular or have a rounded bottom. Middle Rincon jar rims are sharply returned and have very small necks. While late Rincon jar rims have a short, vertical necks.


DESIGN PLACEMENT: Interiors of flare-rim bowls, some with exterior “trailing lines”. Exteriors of cauldrons, "Gila shouldered" bowls, and some hemispherical bowls. Exteriors of jars with the design beginning below the widest diameter on early examples and at the gila shoulder which usually is the maximum diameter of the jar on middle and late examples. Jar rims are sharply returned and have small necks that usually do not have enough room for a design, hence necks are usually left unpainted unlike many earlier types. Late examples have a short vertical neck, usually with no design on the neck. Primary designs are usually on bowl interiors that often cover the entire design field. Late examples may have primary designs on interiors, exteriors, or both, often with secondary interior or exterior banded designs.

COMMON DESIGNS: “Plaited” designs make their first appearance and become common in this phase, as does “wavy capped fringe”.

Early examples often have designs like the preceding type Rillito Red-on-Brown with the only difference being slightly larger or not as fine of line work and designs. Exteriors of bowls often have "trailing lines".

Most middle period examples have designs that are curvilinear and the exaggerated flare-rim bowls may or may not have exterior “trailing lines”. “Wavy edged solids” are common in designs.

Late Rincon examples can have curvilinear and/or angular designs painted on interiors and/or exteriors of bowls, and usually have no trailing lines.“Wavy edged” solid motifs have apparently phased out by this time. Vessels are found with curvilinear scrolls as well as squared scrolls, often on the same vessel. “Wavy capped fringe” dies out at the end of this period, while vertical hatching becomes more common. On late examples scrolls may be partly angular and curvilinear, often the line work appears "degenerate" and not well executed.

KEY DIFFERENCE(S): Jars have Gila Shoulders with almost no necks. Few if any trailing lines. Most all Rincon vessels have painted rims. Although earlier types (such as Rillito Red-on-Brown) commonly have painted rims, most do not. Line work is not as fine as previous phase. The surface of Rincon vessels (Tucson) are tool polished and consequently smoother than the hand-smoothed Sacaton vessels from the Phoenix area. Later Tanque Verde jars have classic shoulders usually with designs on the body and neck, whereas Rincon jars usually have designs on the body only. Tanque Verde deep bowls have primary designs on the exteriors, while most Rincon deep bowls have primary designs on the interiors.

EXTERIOR TREATMENT: Tool polished - no scoring or incising.

TEMPER: Early Rincon vessels can have a high mica content while later Rincon vessels usually do not.

COMMENTS: Early Rincon may be considered transitional Rillito-Rincon while late Rincon may be considered transitional Rincon-Tanque Verde.


1N Hohokam (Early) Rincon Red-on-Brown Large Olla

Painted with concentric interlocking scrolls and wavy lines.

The interior rim design has solid triangles.

Approximate Dimensions: 16 1/2" or 42cm by 13 1/2" or 34.3cm.

1N Top View


1N Exterior                                               1N Interior

This large olla has a hole near the bottom that shows that it was broken by force.  It appears that it was broken by a blow, perhaps a handled stone pick. The olla was found in a room containing several vessels, all broken, none resting in place.  Other ollas in the same room were destroyed with stone manos and hammerstones thrown thru them. Why did this happen? Was the village under attack? Were the vessels broken by hostile enemies? Or by the owner refusing to relinquish them to hostile enemies? Maybe the owner committed a crime, or contacted a fatal disease and other residents of the village broke the vessels and burned the house to ward off or destroy the "evil spirits". Or perhaps when it was time to move on the owners let the kids break them.  


2N Hohokam (early) Rincon Red-on-Brown helmet bowl with an outstanding banded interior design.  Starting with a scroll in the bottom, with a banded design immediately above it consisting of connected interlocking curvilinear and rectilinear scrolls, above it is another band consisting of what may be described as interlocking fringe connected to small triangles, immediately above that is another band of connected interlocking curvilinear and rectilinear scrolls, although in this band it seems that the artist ran out of room to put in a final connecting scroll and chose to put a wavy line in its place. Immediately above that is a band of opposing capped fringe. Immediately above that is yet another band of connected interlocking curvilinear and rectilinear scrolls, and finally to top it off, a painted rim that can be seen from the interior view.

The side of the vessel has six equally spaced, paired, trailing lines, along with a seventh that is a single trailing line. Most early Rincon vessels have less trailing lines. As you can see, the most extraordinary design painted on this same vessel is on the very bottom. Very rarely did an exterior bottom ever get painted, this is the only one we know of for this phase, even more rare is that it is a wonderful human figure possibly using a "Bull-Roarer" or noise maker, perhaps indicating dance in a ceremony. Perhaps it represents a three-fingered alien from another world. This vessel measures approximately 12" or 30.5cm by 5 3/4" or 14.5cm.



3Y Hohokam (Early) Rincon Red-on-Brown Deep Helmet Bowl,

with concentric wavy lines and two bands of interlocking curvilinear scrolls painted on the interior.

The exterior consists of three equally spaced zigzag trailing lines.

Approximate Dimensions: 11 5/8" or 29.5cm by 7 3/4" or 19.5cm.



4Y Hohokam (Middle) Rincon Red-on-Brown Bowl, with an offset quartered design showing negative

curvilinear scrolls, positive rectilinear scrolls, barbed lines, and lines with L's or 7's attached.

Approximate Dimensions: 6" or 15.2cm by 2 3/4" or 7cm.



5N (Late) Rincon Red-on-Brown Bowl

Approximate Dimensions: 5 3/4" by 3 1/4"



7Y Hohokam (Late) Rincon Red-on-Brown deep bowl.  A micaceous example with the primary (greater) design being on the interior of a deep bowl form. This bowl is likely transitional to early Tanque Verde. The design is a band of diamond shaped, interlocking rectilinear scrolls, with solid triangles, and ticked lines.The secondary (lesser) exterior design is a band of interlocking triangles with

small solid triangles, lines, and ticked lines inside them.

Approximate Dimensions: 7 1/4" or 18.4cm. by 5" or 12.6cm.



8N Hohokam Pottery Rincon Red-on-Brown Bowl

Approximate Dimensions: 10 3/4" by 5 1/8"




9Y Hohokam Rincon Red-on-Brown Shouldered Jar

  Approximate Dimensions: 5 1/8" by 4"



10Y Hohokam Rincon Red-on-Brown Miniature "Helmet" Bowl

  Approximate Dimensions: 2 1/2" by 1"



11Y Hohokam Rincon Red-on-Brown (Late) Shouldered Bowl

  Approximate Dimensions: 3 5/8" by 2 7/8"




12N Hohokam Rincon Red-on-Brown Seashell Effigy

  Approximate Dimensions: 3 1/4" by 3 1/8" by 2"




13N Hohokam Rincon Red-on-Brown (Late) Shouldered Bowl

  Approximate Dimensions: 8 1/8" by 4"


14Y Hohokam Rincon Red-on-Brown Scoop with one squiggle line on the exterior

that diagonally goes from one side of the scoop to the other.

  Approximate Dimensions: 5 3/8" by 3 1/8"




15N Hohokam Rincon Red-on-Brown Head Effigy Bowl.

  Approximate Dimensions: 4" by 3 1/2" by 3"



16Y Hohokam Rincon Red-on-Brown (early) Bowl with a single interior "trailing line".

  Approximate Dimensions: 6 1/2" by 3 3/4"


17N Hohokam Rincon Red-on-Brown Shallow Bowl

  Approximate Dimensions: 13" by 3"



This page last revised: 04/25/2013

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