TYPE: Tortolita Red

(recently described by Heidke, in Wallace,2003;163-166)

DATE: A.D. 475-700 (Wallace 2003;22)

COMMON FORMS: Bowls and jars, sometimes with slightly flared rims.

COMMON BACKGROUND COLORS: Red, a very small percentage have grey or black smudged interiors.

SLIP PLACEMENT: One or both surfaces, usually both.

KEY DIFFERENCES: According to Heidke, (in Wallace, 2003;166) the most notable differences in determining Tortolita Red from Rincon Red (aside from one specific form, the gila shoulder) is that Tortolita Red generally has no observable mica-schist in the temper, while Rincon Red often has a small amount showing.  Also that, Rincon Red usually has a thicker slip compared to most Tortolita Red. 

COMMENTS: Tortolita Red seems to be an earlier version of Rincon Red, and both may be varieties of Gila Red Tortolita Red, like Rincon Red was named after the phase in which they were found.  I feel that redware produced in and around the Tucson Basin is basically the same as the plainware, in that it changed very little over time and yet there are differences in paste recipes such as varing amounts of mica, quartz, etc. See article: Gila Plain and Gila Red, Older than we think?.



1Y Tortolita Red Jar reportedly found along the Santa Cruz River south of Tucson.

This vessel is thinly slippd on the exterior as well as the interior

except for a small area in the bottom.

Approximate Dimensions: 8 3/4" by 7"


This page last revised: 05/04/2012

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