VARIANT SACATON (ALL) RED-ON-BUFF
TYPE: Variant Sacaton (All) Red-on-Buff
DATE: A.D. 950 to 1125 (Wallace, 2003;22)
COMMON FORMS: bowls.
COMMON COLORS: Light to dark red.
EXTERIOR TREATMENT: Hand smoothed.
PASTE: May or may not be porous with variable amounts of observable mica that usually is muscovite (silver mica).
COMMENTS: This all red version of Sacaton Red-on-Buff should have been named "Sacaton Red", however Haury gave that name to basically a Sacaton Phase variety of Gila Red (Haury,1976;222, see article in this guide titled: Gila Plain and Gila Red - Older than We Think?).
When Haury wrote about this type under Sacaton Red-on-Buff, he stated - "The red paint used in designs was occasionally applied as a wash, producing an over-all red vessel lacking polish or other alterations. This treatment appears to have been limited to bowls. It has not been deemed significant enough to warrant separate classification." (Haury,1976;205). I have the utmost respect for the late great Emil W. Haury, but as a ceramic archaeologist or typologist, I am a little surprised that he felt this type was insignificant, and yet felt that Sacaton Buff (Haury,1976;208) was significant enough to name as a separate type. They are both rare, and yet not as rare as another named type, Sweetwater Polychrome, with only one vessel and six sherds found in the entire collection (Haury,1976,219-220). Perhaps a fitting name for this variant would be "Sacaton All Red-on-Buff".
1N Variant Sacaton Red-on-Buff Effigy Seed Jar.
Approximate Dimensions: 6 1/4" or 16 cm. by 4 1/4" or 11 cm.
1N This variety of Sacaton Red-on-Buff has been described (Haury,1976;205) as having the red paint covering all surfaces of bowls. This seed jar has the exterior covered in red and the interior is buff slipped.
1N It has been written that these knobbed vessels may represent Datura seed pods, a plant that contained medicinal and hallucinogenic properties. I propose another possibility, the red fruit of the prickly pear cactus. The meat of this fruit is wonderfully sweet and delicious, it can be dried, and it was likely that the Native Americans anxiously awaited the annual harvest of these sugary treats. Prickly Pear Cactus today grow in abundance in areas of the southwest and the fruit is made into jellies and candies.
2Y Sacaton (All) Red-on-Buff
heavy walled miniature vessel that was once all red.
Approximate Dimensions: 2 1/2" by 1 3/4"
This page last revised: 08/09/2012
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