TYPE: Gila Black-on-Red

AKA: Maverick Mountain Black-on-Red (see comments)

DATE: A.D. 1300 to 1450 (Neuzil & Lyons 2005;34)

COMMON FORMS: Bowls and jars.


PRIMARY BOWL DESIGN PLACEMENT: Interiors, rarely exteriors.

COMMON DESIGNS: Basically the same as Gila Polychrome.

COMMENTS: Pinto and Gila Black-on-Red are also known as Maverick Mountain Black-on-Red (described by Morris, 1957, Master Thesis, University of Arizona, not published). It is now known that much or most of what has been described as Maverick Mountain Black-on-Red was manufactured in the Gila and Aravaipa Valleys of Arizona and Cliff Valley of New Mexico. It may also have been produced along the Salt and San Pedro River Valleys of Arizona.  Since these vessels were manufactured with local temper and clays, and the designs are the same, they are virtually indistinguishable from Pinto and Gila Black-on-Red. The type Gila Black-on-Red was first described by Clarke, 1935;46-47, Plates XVIII and XXV. It was also mentioned by Haury, 1945;65, and in Tuthill, 1947;59, and described again by Di Peso, 1958;98-99.


1N Salado Gila Black-on-Red bowl.

Quartered design with diagnostic thick inner rim band or "life-line".

Approximate Dimensions: 9" or 22.8 cm. by 3 3/4" or 9.5 cm.



2N Salado Gila Black-on-Red bowl.



3Y Salado Gila Black-on-Red bowl. The design being on the exterior is unusual.

Approximate Dimensions: 3 1/2" by 1 1/2"


4N Salado Gila Black-on-Red bowl

5N Salado Gila Black-on-Red bowl


6N Salado Gila Black-on-Red Large Olla


7Y Salado Gila Black-on-Red Bowl

Approximate Dimensions: 5 1/4" by 2 3/4"



8Y Salado Gila Black-on-Red Bowl

Approximate Dimensions: 8 5/8" by 4"



9N Salado Gila Black-on-Red Bowl with a thin spirit line immediately below the inner rim.

Approximate Dimensions: 7 3/8" by 3 1/2"




10Y Salado Gila Black-on-Red Olla with ancient repairs.

Approximate Dimensions: 11 1/2" by 9 1/2"


This page last revised: 08/26/2012

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