TYPE: Pinto Polychrome
DATE: A.D. 1280 to 1330 (Neuzil & Lyons 2005;34)
COMMON FORMS: Bowls.
COMMON BACKGROUND COLORS: Bowl exteriors slipped red, interiors slipped white (rare examples may have a circular area in the center botom slipped red).
BOWL DESIGN PLACEMENT: Primary designs are on the interiors, while rare varieties may have white and/or black painted secondary designs on exteriors.
COMMON DESIGNS: Often balanced designs of broadlines or solids and fine hatching that resemble that of Pinedale, Saint Johns, and Wingate styles of White Mountain Redware. Many bowls have the entire primary design field covered with design, while many others have a blank circle or square in the bottom.
KEY DIFFERENCES: Designs usually go to the rim, and usually have no thick line interior rim band whereas Gila Polychrome most often does. Pinto designs often have a large open space in the bottom, but not always. Hatching lines are usually very thin compared to later Gila Polychrome. Jars are rare. When there is an upper banding line, it is usually only 1/2 as wide as the upper banding lines common on Gila Polychrome.
1N Salado Pinto Polychrome Bowl showing wear in bottom.
Approximate Dimensions: 8 1/8" or 20.6 cm. by 3 5/8" or 9.2 cm.
2N Salado Pinto Polychrome bowl with a style similar to Pinedale of White Mountain Redware.
3N Salado Pinto Polychrome bowl with an offset quartered layout.
4N Salado Pinto Polychrome Bowl.
This bowl has a busy design that was stone polished after the exterior was polished, causing a blurred effect to the design along with traces of red slip.
5Y Salado Pinto Polychrome Loop-handled Bowl.
Loop-handled bowls are often seen on Anasazi Kayenta ceramics, such as
Tsegi Orangeware and Tusayan Whiteware.
Approximate Dimensions: 6" by 3"
6N Salado Pinto Polychrome Jar. This jar has wide banding lines above the design which is considered diagnostic for Gila Polychrome, however the design itself is Pinto with its fine-line hatching and balanced solids. This jar was reportedly found in direct association with at least two Pinto Polychrome bowls.
Approximate Dimensions: 9" by 8"
7N Salado Pinto Polychrome Olla
(This olla has a fine line design and no wide upper banding line)
Approximate Dimensions: 15 " by 10 1/2"
8N Salado Pinto Polychrome Loop-handled Bowl.
9N Salado Pinto Polychrome Bowl.
This bowl has a band painted along the inner rim, yet it is not as thick as seen in normal Gila Polychrome designs. This fact, along with the fact that the design has fine, closely spaced hatching makes it closer to a Pinto than Gila style. According to the study of Salado Polychrome Crown did, 1% of the Pinto Polychrome had a "life line" (Crown, 1994;74)
10Y Salado Pinto Polychrome Bowl.
Approximate Dimensions: 5 3/4" by 2 1/2"
11Y Salado Pinto Polychrome Bowl with stylized "bird wings" or "bear paws".
This vessel appears to have been ritually "killed" in the bottom. Extraordinarily the "killed"
piece was found near the vessel.
Approximate Dimensions: 8" by 4"
This page last revised: 08/30/2012
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