TYPE: Pinto Black-on-Red

AKA: Maverick Mountain Black-on-Red (see comments)

DATE: A.D. 1280 to 1330 (Neuzil & Lyons 2005;34)

COMMON FORMS: Bowls and ollas.


PRIMARY BOWL DESIGN PLACEMENT: Interiors. Rarely secondary exterior unit designs.

COMMON DESIGNS: Basically the same as Pinto Polychrome.

COMMENTS: Pinto and Gila Black-on-Red are also known as Maverick Mountain Black-on-Red (described by Morris, 1957, Master Thesis, University of Arizona, not published). It is now known that much or most of what has been described as Maverick Mountain Black-on-Red was manufactured in the Safford and Aravaipa Valleys of Arizona and Cliff Valley of New Mexico. It may also have been produced along the Salt and San Pedro River Valleys of Arizona.  Since these vessels were manufactured with local temper and clays, and the designs are the same, they are virtually indistinguishable from Pinto and Gila Black-on-Red. The type Pinto Black-on-Red was first described by Gifford, 1957 in a Master Thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, then later published in 1980 (Gifford, 1980;36-37). It was also described by Di Peso, 1958;101.



1N Salado Pinto Black-on-Red Jar with "Bear Paw" or "Bird Wing" design motifs.

Approximate Dimensions: 12" or 30.5 cm. by 10 1/4" or 26 cm.



2N Salado Pinto Black-on-Red Bowl



3N Salado Pinto Black-on-Red Bowl.



4N Salado Pinto Black-on-Red Bowl.


5N Salado Pinto Black-on-Red Bowl.



6N Salado Pinto Black-on-Red bowl with parrots painted in the bottom.


7N Salado  Pinto Black-on-Red bowl with parrots painted in the bottom.


8N Salado  Pinto Black-on-Red bowl


9Y Salado  Pinto Black-on-Red bowl with exterior design.

Approximate Dimensions: 5 7/8" by 2 5/8"



10N Salado  Pinto Black-on-Red bowl. The missing or eroded black paint looks like white paint. 

Approximate Dimensions: 10" by 4"



11Y Salado  Pinto Black-on-Red Olla

Approximate Dimensions: 12 1/2" by 10 1/4"



12Y Salado  Pinto Black-on-Red Bowl with much gold mica showing on the surface.

Approximate Dimensions: 9" by 3 5/8"


This page last revised: 08/26/2012

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