TYPE: San Carlos Red-on-Brown

DATE: A.D. 1250 to 1450 (Neuzil & Lyons, 2005;59)

COMMON FORMS: Bowls, jars, pitchers, olla's.

COMMON BACKGROUND COLORS: Natural brown that may be tan to brown, often with black fire clouds.

BOWL DESIGN PLACEMENT: Exteriors

COMMON DESIGNS AND/OR MOTIFS: Layouts on bowls are usually in a large horizontal band, while jars usually have two bands, one around the body, and one around the neck.  Common motifs are multiple parallel lines, or vertical and diagonal line hatching, crosshatching, barbed lines, barbs often having square and/or F-hooks attached, ticked lines and solids, keys, rectilinear scrolls, swastika's, and dots.

KEY DIFFERENCES: San Carlos Red-on-Brown bowls usually have a well smudged, dark black interior with no interior design. Tanque Verde Red-on-Brown bowls usually have a secondary interior design (often pendant from rim) and if smudged is usually a gray or mottled black and brown color. San Carlos bowls usually will not have a raised or indented bottom, while most Tanque Verde bowls will have an intentionally raised or indented bottom. A raised or indented bottom is most common on medium to large Tanque Verde Bowls.

San Carlos Red-on-Brown made different styles (perhaps from different areas) One style is fine line work with the design being painted within upper and lower framing lines. Another style has heavier line work with no upper framing line that can be difficult to distinguish between Tanque Verde Red-on-Brown. This style of the San Carlos is the most difficult to distinguish from Tanque Verde. Again, San Carlos bowls usually will not have an interior design and will have a more well polished and darker black interior than most Tanque Verde bowls.

 

1N Salado San Carlos Red-on-Brown olla.

Approximate Dimensions: 12" or 30.5 cm. by 10" or 25.4 cm.

 

 

2Y Salado San Carlos Red-on-Brown Olla

Approximate Dimensions: 13 1/4" by 11 5/8"

 

3Y Salado San Carlos Red-on-Brown Olla

Approximate Dimensions: 14" by 10 1/2"

 

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4Y Salado San Carlos Red-on-Brown bowl with a design within framing lines.

Approximate Dimensions: 4 1/4" or 10.3 cm. by 2 1/2" or 6.3 cm.

 

5Y Salado San Carlos Red-on-Brown bowl with smudged interior and design going to the rim.

Approximate Dimensions: 6 3/4" or 17.1 cm. by 3 1/4" or 8.2 cm.

 

6N Salado San Carlos Red-on-Brown bowl with non-smudged interior, and design going to the rim.

This bowl could almost pass for a Hohokam Tanque Verde bowl. However, the glass smooth polished surfaces, and type of clay used, confirm that it is in fact Salado San Carlos Red-on-Brown.

Approximate Dimensions: 7" or 17.8 cm. by 3 3/4" or 9.5 cm.

 

 

7Y Salado San Carlos Red-on-Brown bowl

Approximate Dimensions: 6 5/8" by 3 3/8"

 

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8N Salado San Carlos Pitcher (handle missing).

This pitcher has three bands of design, all within framing lines. The body band has parallel lines and solid triangles with attached F-hooks.  The upper shoulder band is made up of interlocking and non-interlocking rectilinear scrolls.  The neck band is made up of solid triangles with attached squared hooks. 

The inner rim has painted "ticks".

Approximate Dimensions: 4 3/4" or 12.1 cm by 4 3/4" or 12.1 cm.

 

 

 

9Y San Carlos Red-on-Brown Pitcher

Approximate Dimensions: 5 5/8" by 5"

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10N San Carlos Red-on-Brown Jar

Approximate Dimensions: 6" by 6"

 

 

11Y Salado San Carlos Red-on-Brown Jar

Approximate Dimensions: 6 1/2" by 5 5/8"

 

 

12Y Salado San Carlos Red-on-Brown Jar

Approximate Dimensions: 6 1/4" by 5 1/2"

 

This page last revised: 11/20/2012

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